General Appearance: The general appearance is that of a strong compact, symmetrically built
working dog, with the ability and willingness to carry out his allotted task however arduous. Its
combination of substance, power, balance and hard muscular condition must convey the
impression of great agility, strength and endurance. Any tendency to grossness or weediness is a
Characteristics: As the name implies the dog's prime function, and one in which he has no peer,
is the control and movement of cattle in both wide open and confined areas. Always alert,
extremely intelligent, watchful, courageous and trustworthy, with an implicit devotion to duty
making it an ideal dog.
Temperament: The Cattle Dog's loyalty and protective instincts make it a self-appointed
guardian to the stockman, his herd and his property. Whilst naturally suspicious of strangers,
must be amenable to handling, particularly in the show ring. Any feature of temperament or
structure foreign to a working dog must be regarded as a serious fault.
Head and Skull: The head is strong and must be in balance with other proportions of the dog
and in keeping with its general conformation. The broad skull is slightly curved between the
ears, flattening to a slight but definite stop. The cheeks muscular, neither coarse nor prominent
with the underjaw strong, deep and well developed. The foreface is broad and well filled in under
the eyes, tapering gradually to form a medium length, deep, powerful muzzle with the skull and
muzzle on parallel planes. The lips are tight and clean. Nose black. Eyes - The eyes should be of
oval shape and medium size, neither prominent nor sunken and must express alertness and
intelligence. A warning or suspicious glint is characteristic when approached by strangers. Eye
color, dark brown. Ears - The ears should be of moderate size, preferably small rather than large,
broad at the base, muscular, pricked and moderately pointed neither spoon nor bat eared. The
ears are set wide apart on the skull, inclining outwards, sensitive in their use and pricked when
alert, the leather should be thick in texture and the inside of the ear fairly well furnished with
hair. Mouth - The teeth, sound, strong and evenly spaced, gripping with a scissor-bite, the lower
incisors close behind and just touching the upper. As the dog is required to move difficult cattle
by heeling or biting, teeth which are sound and strong are very important.
Neck: The neck is extremely strong, muscular, and of medium length broadening to blend into
the body and free from throatiness.
Forequarters: The shoulders are strong, sloping, muscular and well angulated to the upper arm
and should not be too closely set at the point of the withers. The forelegs have strong, round
bone, extending to the feet and should be straight and parallel when viewed from the front, but
the pasterns should show flexibility with a slight angle to the forearm when viewed from the
side. Although the shoulders are muscular and the bone is strong, loaded shoulders and heavy
fronts will hamper correct movement and limit working ability.
Body: The length of the body from the point of the breast bone, in a straight line to the buttocks,
is greater than the height at the withers, as 10 is to 9. The topline is level, back strong with ribs
well sprung and carried well back not barrel ribbed. The chest is deep, muscular and moderately
broad with the loins broad, strong and muscular and the flanks deep. The dog is strongly
Hindquarters: The hindquarters are broad, strong and muscular. The croup is rather long and
sloping, thighs long, broad and well developed, the stifles well turned and the hocks strong and well let down. When viewed from behind, the hind legs, from the hocks to the feet, are straight
and placed parallel, neither close nor too wide apart.
Feet: The feet should be round and the toes short, strong, well arched and held close together.
The pads are hard and deep, and the nails must be short and strong.
Tail: The set on of tail is moderately low, following the contours of the sloping croup and of
length to reach approximately to the hock. At rest it should hang in a very slight curve. During
movement or excitement the tail may be raised, but under no circumstances should any part of
the tail be carried past a vertical line drawn through the root. The tail should carry a good brush.
Gait/Movement: The action is true, free, supple and tireless and the movement of the shoulders
and forelegs is in unison with the powerful thrust of the hindquarters. The capability of quick and
sudden movement is essential. Soundness is of paramount importance and stiltiness, loaded or
slack shoulders, straight shoulder placement, weakness at elbows, pasterns or feet, straight
stifles, cow or bow hocks, must be regarded as serious faults. When trotting the feet tend to come
closer together at ground level as speed increases, but when the dog comes to rest he should
Coat: The coat is smooth, a double coat with a short dense undercoat. The outer-coat is close,
each hair straight, hard, and lying flat, so that it is rain-resisting. Under the body, to behind the
legs, the coat is longer and forms near the thigh a mild form of breeching. On the head (including
the inside of the ears), to the front of the legs and feet, the hair is short. Along the neck it is
longer and thicker. A coat either too long or too short is a fault. As an average, the hairs on the
body should be from 2½ to 4 centimeters (approximately 1 to 1½ inches) in length.
Color:Blue - The color should be blue, blue-mottled or blue speckled with or without other
markings. The permissible markings are black, blue or tan markings on the head, evenly
distributed for preference. The forelegs tan midway up the legs and extending up the front to
breast and throat, with tan on jaws; the hindquarters tan on inside of hindlegs, and inside of
thighs, showing down the front of the stifles and broadening out to the outside of the hindlegs
from hock to toes. Tan undercoat is permissible on the body providing it does not show through
the blue outer coat. Black markings on the body are not desirable.
Red Speckle - The color should be of good even red speckle all over, including the undercoat,
(neither white nor cream), with or without darker red markings on the head. Even head markings
are desirable. Red markings on the body are permissible but not desirable.
Size: Height - Dogs 46 to 51 centimeters (approximately 18 to 20 inches) at withers, bitches 43
to 48 centimeters (approximately 17 to 19 inches) at withers.
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness
with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.